Oral Leukoplakia

Oral Leukoplakia Oral Medicine Mountain View

Oral Leukoplakia

Oral Medicine Clinical Practice

Oral Leukoplakia Symptoms

Mountain View, California

Providing Patient Care In The San Francisco
Bay Area Since 1996

1) What is Oral Leukoplakia?

Leukoplakia is a white patch on the oral mucosa that cannot be rubbed of nor attributed to any other condition.

2) I have oral leukoplakia, does this increase the risk of developing a cancer in the mouth?

Yes, oral leukoplakia is classified as a precancerous condition.

3) What type of oral cancer are patients with oral leukoplakia at increased risk for?

The most common type of oral cancer: Oral squamous cell carcinoma

4) What is the risk of developing oral squamous cell cancer in patients with oral leukoplakia.

The risk of malignant transformation has been reported as ranging from 0.13% to 2.2% per year in community-based cohorts in developing nations (Napier and Speight, 2008), while higher risks have been reported from studies done in hospital-based tertiary clinics in developed countries, with 1.1% to 17.5% of patients with leukoplakia developing OSCCA over varying follow-up periods (Napier and Speight, 2008). The overall risk has been estimated to be about 1 % per year (Petti S, 2003, Van Der Vaal, 2009), however certain clinical features increase the risk for malignant transformation, including older age, longer duration, female sex, site (floor of mouth and lateral tongue are high-risk sites), speckled, nodular or verrucous appearance, greater size, and absence of risk factors such as smoking (Napier and Speight, 2008, Van Der Vaal, 2009).

5) Does oral leukoplakia cause any discomfort?

Typically oral leukoplakia does not cause any discomfort, and in many cases can completely asymptomatic. However in some cases, it may cause some degree of discomfort including sensitivity to spicy or acidic foods.

6) Are there any medications I can take to treat my oral leukoplakia.

There is no proven safe and effective drug treatment for leukoplakia (Lodi G et al., 2002).

7) I have oral leukoplakia, what lifestyle changes can I make to decrease my risk of developing oral cancer.

a. You should quit tobacco use, betel nut use and gutka use
b. Limit alcohol intake
c. Increase intake of fruits and vegetables
d. You should also follow the additional recommendations from the American Institute of Cancer Research for prevention of cancer.

Click Here For More Information.

See Dr. Nita Chainani-Wu Relevant Publications On Lifestyle Changes and Health

8 ) How is leukoplakia treated?

a. Oral leukoplakia is managed with regular oral examinations and if feasible, surgical excision. The purpose of regular oral examination is to enable early diagnosis of oral squamous cell carcinoma. Surgical excision currently is the most commonly used treatment approach for oral leukoplakia. Surgical approaches include use of a scalpel for excision and/or use of a laser for excision and/or vaporization [eg. Carbon dioxide(CO2) laser (wavelength 10.6 micrometer), Nd: YAG laser (wavelength 1064 nm), KTP laser (wavelength 532 nm)].

CO2 lasers produce minimal thermal damage to underlying tissue, and have the advantage of decreased damage to adjacent structures as compared to the other laser wavelengths. The advantages of CO2 laser excision include a bloodless field preserving visibility, precise control, and improved healing with less scarring, and therefore this is a popular treatment approach for management of leukoplakia.

9) What is a successful treatment outcome after surgical removal of leukoplakia?

A successful outcome following leukoplakia excision is healing of the surgical site with normal appearing mucosa. Post surgical recurrence occurs when the surgical site heals in with leukoplakia.

10) If the leukoplakia is removed do I still need to have regular follow-ups?

Yes, there is a risk the lesion may recur or develop at another site in the oral cavity. Therefore regular oral examinations are necessary.

Dr. Nita Chainani-Wu has extensive experience in the diagnosis and management of oral leukoplakia including monitoring for changes over time, use of toluidine blue staining as an adjunct to the clinical exam, and use of carbon dioxide laser for excision/vaporization of oral lesions.

View Oral Leukoplakia Case Photos Here

View Dr. Chainani-Wu’s publications on Leukoplakia:
Click Citations For More Information:

Chainani-Wu N, Purnell DM, Silverman S Jr. A case report of conservative
management of extensive proliferative verrucous leukoplakia using a carbon
dioxide laser. Photomed Laser Surg. 2013 Apr;31(4):183-7. doi:
10.1089/pho.2012.3414. Epub 2013 Mar 8. PubMed PMID: 23473346.


Chainani-Wu N, Silverman S Jr. Lesion characteristics and responses after CO2
laser vaporization in five patients With gingival leukoplakia. J Calif Dent
Assoc. 2013 Oct;41(10):759-62, 765. PubMed PMID: 24340428.

Early diagnosis and treatment of oral conditions is critical to maintain your oral and general health.