Oral Lichen Planus

Oral Lichen Planus Oral Medicine Mountain View

Oral Lichen Planus

Oral Lichen Planus Symptoms

Oral Medicine Clinical Practice

Providing Patient Care In The San Francisco
Bay Area Since 1996

Mountain View, California

1. What is Oral Lichen Planus?

Lichen planus is a chronic, autoimmune condition that can affect the mucous membrane lining the oral cavity. In some cases it also affects the skin and or other mucous membranes. In the mouth it can present as white changes, red changes and ulcerations.

2) What causes oral lichen planus?

The cause of lichen planus in most cases is unknown. Some environmental exposures such as medications can cause oral changes that may resemble lichen planus. In addition, some studies have found an association between oral lichen planus and Hepatitis C virus infection, however this has not been consistently seen in all studies and the significance of this association is still being investigated in research studies.

3) Does oral lichen planus cause any discomfort?

Symptoms from oral lichen planus may range from none to extreme oral discomfort, including soreness and sensitivity to spicy and/or acidic foods. Typically the atrophic and ulcerative oral lichen planus cases are associated with greater discomfort.

4) Are there any medications I can take to treat my oral Lichen Planus.

While there is no known cure for oral lichen planus, medications to reduce symptoms from oral lichen planus are available. The most commonly used medications include topical and systemic glucocorticosteroids. In addition, curcuminoids, which are extracts from the turmeric root can also help.

5) I have oral lichen planus, does this increase the risk of developing a cancer in the mouth?

Yes, oral lichen planus is classified as a precancerous condition.

6) What type of oral cancer are patients with oral lichen planus at increased risk for?

The most common type of oral cancer: Oral squamous cell carcinoma

7) What is the risk of developing oral squamous cell cancer in patients with oral lichen planus.

The risk of oral squamous cell cancer in patients with oral lichen planus is thought to be increased, however the risk estimates have varied greatly between studies and populations. Patients with ulcerative forms of oral lichen planus are thought to have higher risks for development of oral squamous carcinoma as compared with atrophic or reticular forms of oral lichen planus.

8 ) I have oral lichen planus, what lifestyle changes can I make to decrease my risk of developing oral cancer.

a. You should quit tobacco use, betel nut use and gutka use
b. Limit alcohol intake
c. Increase intake of fruits and vegetables
d. You should also follow the additional recommendations from the American Institute of Cancer Research for prevention of cancer

Click Here For More Information

See Dr. Nita Chainani-Wu Relevant Publications On Lifestyle Changes and Health

9) How is oral lichen planus treated?

Oral lichen planus is managed with use of medications if there is any discomfort associated with the oral lichen planus. In addition, regular oral examinations to monitor for and to enable early diagnosis of oral squamous cell carcinoma are recommended.

10) If I have oral lichen planus, but it doesn’t cause any discomfort, do I still need to have regular follow-ups?

Yes, regular oral examinations are recommended for all patients with oral lichen planus.

Dr. Nita Chainani-Wu has extensive experience in the diagnosis and management of oral lichen planus including treatment of the symptoms with topical and systemic medications and monitoring for changes over time.

View Lichen Planus Case Photos Here.

View Dr. Chainani-Wu’s publications on Lichen Planus:
Click Citations For More Information:

Chainani-Wu N, Collins K, Silverman S Jr. Use of curcuminoids in a cohort of
patients with oral lichen planus, an autoimmune disease. Phytomedicine. 2012 Mar
15;19(5):418-23. doi: 10.1016/j.phymed.2011.11.005. Epub 2012 Feb 2. PubMed PMID:

Chainani-Wu N, Madden E, Lozada-Nur F, Silverman S Jr. High-dose curcuminoids
are efficacious in the reduction in symptoms and signs of oral lichen planus. J
Am Acad Dermatol. 2012 May;66(5):752-60. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2011.04.022. Epub
2011 Sep 9. PubMed PMID: 21907450.

Chainani-Wu N, Silverman S Jr, Reingold A, Bostrom A, Lozada-Nur F, Weintraub
J. Validation of instruments to measure the symptoms and signs of oral lichen
planus. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2008 Jan;105(1):51-8.
PubMed PMID: 18155609.

Chainani-Wu N, Silverman S Jr, Reingold A, Bostrom A, Mc Culloch C,
Lozada-Nur F, Weintraub J. A randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind
clinical trial of curcuminoids in oral lichen planus. Phytomedicine. 2007
Aug;14(7-8):437-46. Epub 2007 Jul 2. PubMed PMID: 17604143.

Chainani-Wu N, Lozada-Nur F, Terrault N. Hepatitis C virus and lichen planus:
a review. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2004
Aug;98(2):171-83. Review. PubMed PMID: 15316544.

Chainani-Wu N, Silverman S Jr, Lozada-Nur F, Mayer P, Watson JJ. Oral lichen
planus: patient profile, disease progression and treatment responses. J Am Dent
Assoc. 2001 Jul;132(7):901-9. PubMed PMID: 11480643.

Nita Chainani-Wu, Daniel M Purnell, Sol Silverman Jr
Oral leukoplakia development in patients with pre-existing oral lichen planus
J Calif Dent Assoc
. 2015 Jan;43(1):35-9. PMID: 25632518

Nita Chainani-Wu, Timothy C Wu
J Calif Dent Assoc
. 2008 Oct;36(10):775-9. PMID: 19044098

Early diagnosis and treatment of oral conditions is critical to maintain your oral and general health.